Deep Federated Learning in Healthcare

Illustrative figure by Shadi Albarqouni

Deep Learning (DL) has emerged as a leading technology for accomplishing many challenging tasks showing outstanding performance in a broad range of computer vision and medical applications. However, this success comes at the cost of collecting and processing a massive amount of data, which often are not accessible, in Healthcare, due to privacy issues. Federated Learning (FL) has been recently introduced to allow training DL models without sharing the data. Instead, DL models at local hubs, i.e. hospitals, share only the trained parameters with a centralized DL model, which is, in return, responsible for updating the local DL models as well.

Our golas in this project is to develop novel models and algorithms for a ground-breaking new generation of deep FL, which can distill the knowledge from local hubs, i.e. hospitals, and edges, i.e. wearable devices, to provide personalized healthcare services.

The principal challenges, to overcome, concern the nature of medical data, namely data heterogeneity; severe class-imbalance, few amounts of annotated data, inter-/intra-scanners variability (domain shift), inter-/intra-observer variability (noisy annotations), system heterogeneity, and privacy issues (see the example below).



  • Soon
Shadi Albarqouni
Shadi Albarqouni
Professor of Computational Medical Imaging Research at University of Bonn | AI Young Investigator Group Leader at Helmholtz AI